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Overzichtsstudies asbestziekten

23-10-2008 15:07

Franse en Amerikaanse onderzoekers beschrijven in twee overzichtsartikelen de ontwikkelingen in de diagnostiek en behandeling van asbestgerelateerde ziekten, waaronder mesothelioom.

 

Greillier, L. & Astoul, P. (2008). Mesothelioma and asbestos-related pleural diseases. Respiration. 2008;76(1):1-15. 
ABSTRACT
At present, the use of asbestos is not regulated at a worldwide scale. Moreover, there is a latency period between asbestos exposure and the manifestations of asbestos-related diseases. Consequently, pulmonologists are still dealing with consequences of asbestos exposure, which mainly occur at the pleural surface. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of asbestos-related pleural diseases. We summarized the most relevant data for the diagnosis and the management of benign asbestos pleural effusions, pleural plaques, diffuse pleural thickening and rounded atelectasis. Special attention is dedicated to malignant pleural mesothelioma, given the challenging issues of this disease, the recent advances in its management and the dynamism of research in this area.

Zervos, M.D. et al. (2008). Malignant mesothelioma 2008.Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2008 Jul;14(4):303-9. 
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mesothelioma is an aggressive malignancy of the pleura with poor survival. There will be approximately 3000 cases of mesothelioma in the United States annually. Multimodality treatment including neoadjuvant chemotherapy in selected individuals followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy and radiation has been studied in recent trials for its effects on disease free and overall survival This review provides a general overview of malignant mesothelioma with a summary of the most significant articles from within the past year as well as from the past. RECENT FINDINGS: Areas of recent interest include the evaluation of osteopontin and mesothelin as new tumor markers for mesothelioma. New phase III trials have been performed to evaluate the use of combined chemotherapy regimens. SUMMARY: Malignant mesothelioma is a very difficult malignancy to treat. Patients with the disease usually have an occupational asbestos exposure, and in some, viral exposure with SV40. There have been many historical treatments including combinations of local control with surgery and radiation as well as attempts to prevent systemic failure with chemotherapy. Novel therapies including intrapleural chemotherapy, photodynamic therapy and hyperthermic perfusion have also been used with some success. Finally there are several attempts at immunomodulating and targeted treatments, which are in phase I/II trials.