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Asbestblootstelling bij rokende longkankerpatiënt niet gezien

21-11-2007 00:00

Franse huisartsen zien bij rokende longkankerpatiënten nogal eens over het hoofd dat asbestblootstelling een rol kan hebben gespeeld bij het ontstaan van de ziekte. Franse longartsen zijn daar echter wel alert op. Bron: Verger, P. et al. (2007). Inequities in reporting asbestos-related lung cancer: influence of smoking stigma and physician's, specialty, workload, and role perception. OEM online, 10 okt 2007, doi:10.1136/oem.2007.035808.

Verger, P. et al. (2007). Inequities in reporting asbestos-related lung cancer: influence of smoking stigma and physician's, specialty, workload, and role perception. OEM online, 10 okt 2007, doi:10.1136/oem.2007.035808.
Abstract:
Objectives:
To study physician barriers to workers&rsquo. compensation claims for asbestos-related cancers, focusing on smokers&rsquo. stigma and physicians&rsquo. speciality and role perception.
Methods: Cross-sectional telephone study of 486 randomly-selected physicians: general practitioners (GPs) and pulmonologists in southeastern France. Standardised questionnaires explored their behaviour, attitudes and practices in the field of occupational health and their responses to a case-vignette about a lung cancer patient with long-term occupational asbestos exposure. Randomised subgroups of GPs and pulmonologists heard alternative versions
varying only in the worker&rsquo.s smoking status. We studied factors associated with the recommendation that the case-vignette patient file a compensation claim with simple and multiple logistic regressions.
Results: The response rate was 64.4% among GPs and 62.5% among pulmonologists. Recommending the filing of an occupational disease claim was significantly associated in multiple logistic regressions with speciality (OR=4.46. 95%CI=2.38-8.37, for pulmonologists versus GPs), patient&rsquo.s smoking status (OR=3.15. 95%CI=2.11-4.70, for non-smokers versus smokers), physician&rsquo.s workload (OR=1.83. 95%CI= 1.17-2.88, for &le.25 consultations per day versus >.25), and role perception (OR=2.00. 95%CI=1.22-3.27, for those who considered completing occupational disease medical certificates to be part of their role versus those who did not).
Conclusions: The results of this French study appear applicable to various countries and contexts. To make physicians and especially GPs more aware of occupational health and smoking stigma, officials and educators must give these topics higher priority during initial training and continuing medical education. Tools and equipment that take time constraints into account.