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Onderzoek naar de schadelijke werking van ijzer in asbest

14-07-2005 00:00

Nog steeds is niet helemaal duidelijk hoe asbest kanker veroorzaakt. Men denkt dat ijzer daarbij een rol speelt. De meest gevaarlijke asbestsoorten hebben een relatief hoog ijzergehalte. Baldys en Aust onderzochten de werking van asbestvezels en ijzer op de Epidermale Groei Factor Receptor (EGFR) in menselijke epitheel en mesotheelcellen uit long en longvlies. Zij gebruikten drie soorten asbest, t.w. crocidoliet, amosiet en chrysotiel met respectievelijk 27, 27 en 2% ijzer. Zij vonden dat ingekapselde crocidoliet asbestvezels de EGFR receptor inactiveerden en daarmee indirect de celdeling kunnen ontregelen. IJzer lijkt daarbij een mediërende werking te hebben. Baldys, A. & Aust, A.E. (2005). Role of Iron in Inactivation of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor after Asbestos Treatment of Human Lung and Pleural Target Cells. American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology. vol. 32, afl. 5, pag. 436-442 (7).
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. Vol. 32, pp. 436-442, 2005

Role of Iron in Inactivation of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor after Asbestos Treatment of Human Lung and Pleural Target Cells. Aleksander Baldys and Ann E. Aust

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Utah State University, Logan, Utah

Abstract


Although the mechanism by which asbestos causes cancer remains unknown, iron associated with asbestos is thought to play a role in the pathogenic effects of fibers. Here, we examined the effects of asbestos on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in human lung epithelial (A549) cells, human pleural mesothelial (MET5A) cells, and normal human small airway epithelial (SAEC) cells. Treatment of A549, MET5A, and SAEC cells with asbestos caused a significant reduction of EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation. This was both time- (15 min to 24 h) and concentration-dependent (1.5, 3, and 6 µg/cm2) in A549 cells. Also, treatment with 6 µg/cm2 crocidolite for 24 h diminished the phosphorylation levels of human EGFR 2 (HER2). Exposure of A549 cells to 6 µg/cm2 crocidolite for 3--24 h resulted in no detectable Y1045 phosphorylation and no apparent degradation of the EGFR. Inhibition of fiber endocytosis resulted in a considerable inhibition of EGFR dephosphorylation. Removal of iron from asbestos by desferrioxamine B or phytic acid inhibited asbestos-induced decreases in EGFR phosphorylation. The effects of crocidolite, amosite, and chrysotile on the EGFR phosphorylation state appeared to be directly related to the amount of iron mobilized from these fibers. These results strongly suggest that iron plays an important role in asbestos-induced inactivation of EGFR.